On National Heroes’ Day, pay tribute to the brave Katipuneros who fought for Philippine independence by visiting some of these historically and culturally significant sites.
National Heroes’ Day on August 31 will fall on a Monday, which means another long weekend is upon us. If you want these three days to mean a bit more than just playing video games or catching up on your favorite shows, why not take the time to pay homage to some of the monuments dedicated to the brave Katipuneros who fought for our freedom? Here’s a list of places you can check out.
Pinaglabanan Memorial Shrine
Location: N. Domingo Street corner Pinaglabanan Street, San Juan City
The national park and shrine represents the beginning of the 1896 Philippine revolution, particularly the moment when Katipuneros took charge of an arms storage facility or almacen de polvora owned by the Spanish government. Serving as the centerpiece of the shrine is the Spirit of Pinaglabanan Monument, a brass sculpture of elongated figures. At Pinaglabanan Shrine, you’ll also find Museo ng Katipunan, launched in 2012 to celebrate the 150th birth anniversary of the Father of Philippine Revolution himself, Andres Bonifacio. In the museum is a display of interactive attractions and various artifacts related to the Katipunan.
Pugad Lawin Shrine
Location: Seminary Road, Barangay Bahay Toro, Quezon City
The actual date and place of the “cry” remained controversial until 1963, when the Philippine government declared the event to have taken place in Pugad Lawin, Quezon City, on August 23, 1896. The shrine, located behind Pugad Lawin High School, represents the “Cry of Pugad Lawin,” the moment when Katipuneros tore up their cedulas (community tax certificate) in defiance of the Spanish government, and signaling the start of the revolution.
Battle of Binakayan Monument
Location: Kawit, Cavite
The Battle of Binakayan Monument represents the skirmish between Filipino revolutionaries and Spanish forces in November 1896. Under the leadership of General Emilio Aguinaldo, Katipuneros fought off a siege launched by Spanish soldiers in Binakayan and Dalahican. Hundreds of Spaniards were killed, lending the Philippine Revolution its first major victory.
Andres Bonifacio Monument
Location: Caloocan City rotunda (intersection of MacArthur Highway, Sangandaan, Rizal Avenue Extension and EDSA)
The Andres Bonifacio Monument is a tall edifice said to commemorate the Supremo’s ties with the city of Caloocan, where many milestones were set during the revolution. At the top is Victory, a winged figure representing the triumph of Filipinos over the Spanish government. At the center is Bonifacio with right-hand man Emilio Jacinto and a Katipunero holding up a flag. The left and right sides of the monument depict Filipinos in different scenes of suffering under and in defiance of Spanish rule. At the back are GOMBURZA—the priests Mariano Gomez, Jose Burgos, and Jacinto Zamora—whose execution ignited the revolution.
Tandang Sora Memorial Shrine
Location: Banlat Road, Tandang Sora, Quezon City
Built in 2008, the Tandang Sora Shrine honors Melchora Aquino, who rendered her services to the Katipuneros at a very old age, hence the moniker “Tandang Sora.” During the Philippine Revolution, she offered her home as a place for secret meetings, and fed and cared for wounded revolutionaries, earning her the title “Mother of Philippine Revolution.” The shrine contains a sculpture of Melchora Aquino tending to ailing Katipuneros, and in 1970, here remains were transferred here where her home once stood.
Kakarong de Sili Shrine
Location: Real de Kakarong, Pandi, Bulacan
Built in 1924, the shrine depicts the Battle of Kakarong de Sili, said to be the bloodiest combat in Bulacan where 1,200 Katipuneros were killed during a clash with the Spaniards. This site is also said to be the birthplace of the Republic of Real de Kakarong de Sili, which was established by 6,000 Katipuneros and is recognized as the first republic in Bulacan and in the Philippines.
Emilio Jacinto Memorial Shrine
Location: Himlayang Pilipino Memorial Park, Philand Drive Extension, Quezon City
As the brains of the Katipunan, Emilio Jacinto became Bonifacio’s right-hand man, serving as his advisor on fiscal matters. A bronze sculpture of him riding a horse during the days of the revolution was erected at Himlayang Pilipino, where his remains can also be found.
Andres Bonifacio Shrine
Location: Mehan Garden near Manila City Hall
The Andres Bonifacio Shrine is a large sculpture depicting the life and death of Bonifacio. The most striking image of the structure is that of the Supremo wielding a bolo while leading Katipuneros during the Philippine Revolution. Behind the entire monument is the Kartilya ng Katipunan, the rules and principles that Katipuneros lived by.
Sources: Wikipedia.com, wikipilipinas.org, gov.ph, peyspipol.weebly.com, bulacan.gov.ph, theparadoxicleyline.blogspot.com
Photos from Wikimedia Creative Commons and pinoy-culture.tumblr.com